Rescue the Temple of Hibis - Egypt

Monuments Restoration   ::  Completed Projects   ::  2005  ::  

Client: Ministry of Antiquities
Description: Ancient buildings
Work components: Deconstruction and documentation of archeological buildings - precise restoration
Working date: 2005 -2008
Maintenance of palaces and monuments department, in cooperation with UNESCO, dismantled the stones of the Temple of Hibis to save it from the intrusion of groundwater resulting from the infiltration of crops. She numbered the stones, documented them using scientific methods, and created a database for each stone separately, which was moved to an organized, divided, and dedicated Chuen area for each of the temple buildings. A filter wall was implemented around the temple with a length of 4770 meters and it includes all the elements of the temple inside it to prevent the leakage of ground water under the foundations of the temple and its elements in the future, and lining the walls of the temple in cooperation with the English company Cintech specialized in lining the walls, in addition to using the automatic system to monitor the movement of buildings through Installing a number of sensors that are monitored once every hour (24 monitors per day), the same system that was used in the Hanging Church and the Coptic Museum in Egypt and Pisa Tower in Italy. The loose stones of the storage area were restored according to the damage maps, the maps of the restoration line and the database. The soil at the bottom of the building was prepared until reaching the design level in preparation for its re-installation. Then, the re-installation of the buildings and elements of the temple was started. The temple consists of: (Mamizi Building - Marina Building - Roman Gate - Rams Road - Ptolemaic Gate). The Temple of Hebes is one of the most important Egyptian temples and tourist attractions in Egypt, and the importance of this temple lies in the fact that it represents the various historical periods Pharaonic, Persian, Ptolemaic and Roman, as it is the only remaining temple from the Sawy Persian era and was built to worship the Holy Trinity (Amon - Mut - Khonsu). It was built on an area of 798 square meters, 42 meters long and 19 meters wide, in the era of the Persian King Dara I (510-490 BC) on the remains of an ancient temple dating back to the twenty-sixth dynasty (664 BC). The temple is similar in its planning to the layout of the Egyptian temple in the modern state (the edifice - the open courtyard - the pillared hall and then the Holy of Holies) and it is the layout that the Egyptian temples that arose in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods continued.

Monuments Restoration